RICE SCIENCE ›› 2009, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (2): 119-123 .DOI: 10.1016/S1672-6308(08)60067-0

• Research Paper • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Metabolome Comparison of Transgenic and Non-transgenic Rice by Statistical Analysis of FTIR and NMR Spectra

Keykhosrow KEYMANESH; Mohammad Hassan DARVISHI; Soroush SARDARI   

  1. Biotechnology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, #69 Pasteur Ave., Tehran, Iran
  • Received:2008-09-23 Online:2009-06-28 Published:2009-06-28
  • Contact: Keykhosrow KEYMANESH

Abstract: Modern biotechnology, based on recombinant DNA techniques, has made it possible to introduce new traits with great potential for crop improvement. However, concerns about unintended effects of gene transformation that possibly threaten environment or consumer health have persuaded scientists to set up pre-release tests on genetically modified organisms. Assessment of ‘substantial equivalence’ concept that established by comparison of genetically modified organism with a comparator with a history of safe use could be the first step of a comprehensive risk assessment. Metabolite level is the richest in performance of changes which stem from genetic or environmental factors. Since assessment of all metabolites in detail is very costly and practically impossible, statistical evaluation of processed data of grain spectroscopic values could be a time and cost effective substitution for complex chemical analysis. To investigate the ability of multivariate statistical techniques in comparison of metabolomes as well as testing a method for such comparisons with available tools, a transgenic rice in combination with its traditionally bred parent were used as test material, and the discriminant analysis were applied as supervised method and principal component analysis as unsupervised classification method on the processed data which were extracted from Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance spectral data of powdered rice and rice extraction and barley grain samples, of which the latter was considered as control. The results confirmed the capability of statistics, even with initial data processing applications in metabolome studies. Meanwhile, this study confirms that the supervised method results in more distinctive results.

Key words: rice, principal component analysis, discriminant analysis, nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transgene, safety assessment, metabolome analysis