Rice Science ›› 2023, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 257-266.DOI: 10.1016/j.rsci.2023.03.009

• Research Paper • Previous Articles    

In Vitro Antifungal Activity of Dihydrochelerythrine and Proteomic Analysis in Ustilaginoidea virens

Wei Qinghui1,2,#, Cui Daizong1,#(), Zheng Baojiang1(), Zhao Min1()   

  1. 1Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
    2Institute of Plant Protection, Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin 150086, China
  • Received:2022-07-01 Accepted:2022-11-09 Online:2023-05-28 Published:2023-03-13
  • Contact: Zhao Min (82191513@163.com); Cui Daizong (siyu19831114@163.com); Zheng Baojiang (zbjnefu@126.com)
  • About author:First author contact:#These authors contributed equally to this work


Dihydrochelerythrine (DHCHE) is an isoquinoline compound, which has distinct antifungal activity and can induce apoptosis. The antifungal activity of DHCHE against five rice pathogenic fungi was studied in vitro. At the concentration of 7.5 mg/L, DHCHE exhibited the highest efficacy among tested compounds in inhibiting mycelium growth, with an inhibition rate of 68.8% in Ustilaginoidea virens, which was approximately 2.4 times of that of validamycin (28.7%). After exposure to DHCHE, transmission electron micrographs revealed spores showed incomplete organelles, malformed cell walls and nuclear membranes, as well as irregular lipid spheres. Reactive oxygen species accumulation in treated spores was markedly higher than that in control spores. DHCHE induced cell damage increased in a dose-dependent manner, as indicated by the decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential and initiation of apoptosis. The differences of expression levels of Fip1, ACP1, PMS2 and COX13 that are important for oxidative phosphorylation and mismatch repair pathway were significant, which may be some of the reasons for the induction of apoptosis in DHCHE-treated U. virens. The protein levels of Fip1, ACP1, PMS2 and COX13 agreed with protein fold change ratio from parallel reaction monitoring Gene Ontology terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway of differentially expressed proteins were further analyzed. These findings will help to elucidate the mechanisms associated with antifungal and pro-apoptotic effects of DHCHE on U. virens, thereby aiding the potential development of novel pesticides.

Key words: dihydrochelerythrine, Ustilaginoidea virens, antifungal activity, spore growth, apoptosis